The character of such establish­ ments should be written longitudinally in the columns.Â, Eating houses, stores, shops, etc.— Very many persons,  especially in cities, have no other place of abode than  stores, shops, etc. Agricultural Schedules . Looking at a list of microfilmed returns for the city, we see another anomaly: there are two enumerations for all wards and all original districts (although there are extra districts on the second enumeration). https://www.archives.gov/research/census/microfilm-catalog/1790-1890/part-01 Assistant Marshals will report progress to the Marshal regularly once a fortnight: failure to do so will be sufficient cause for removal. The name of any member of  the family who may have died between the 1st day of  June, 1870, and the day of the assistant marshal’s visit is  be entered, and the person fully described, as if living; but  the name of any person born during that period is to be  omitted. Recounts were made in three cities: New York City, Philadelphia, and Indianapolis. This pamphlet gave census takers directions for how to fill out the blanks on the census forms. * Enumerator instructions regarding columns 19 & 20 on the topic of Constitutional Relations is on the back of this page. The names of all free blacks were included in the 1850 and 1860 cens… In 1870, a “family” was one or more individuals living in an abode. The 1840 census asked the same questions as the 1830 census. On 1 June 1870, the Bureau of the Census began taking the 9th decennial census of the United States. Search the 1870 Census Records. For the NYC recount, you may be interested in Charles Sullivan, "The 1870 Federal Census for New York City," Nancy E. Lutz, The Brooklyn Genealogy Information Page (http://www.bklyn-genealogy-info.com/Census/1870/1870.CS.NYC.html : posted 13 July 2001). If we run spot checks in other counties that are today part of New York City (Kings, Queens, Richmond, and the Bronx), we don't find those marks. United States Census Bureau - Decennial Census by Decades - 1870. This is because the 1870 census images are shown two-at-a-time, and, therefore, smaller, and they are turned 90 degrees. So long as the family name remains the same for the several mem­ bers it need not be repeated, provided a clear horizontal  line be drawn in the place it would occupy, thus:Â, Place of abode.—By ‘‘place of abode’’ is meant the  house or usual lodging place. ; places which are not primarily  intended for habitation. Please visit the Download Plug-In page for a full list. The instructions to enumerators were consistent with those used during the 1830 census. People in the census Added to this, enumerators were presented with printed instructions, which account for the greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier censuses. The part of the enumerator’s duty which relates to column 19 is therefore easy, but it is none the less of importance. Some content on this site is available in several different electronic formats. Please follow the instructions below to perform your search. Each Assistant will provide himself with a secure portable inkstand, good ink, and a sufficient number of pens. Recounts were made in three cities: New York City, Philadelphia, and Indianapolis. Enumerators visited five districts, divided into 34 parishes (the eq… Instead of writing ‘‘Great  Britain’’ as the place of birth, give the particular country,  as England, Scotland, Wales. 1870 Census 1870 Population Census Ninth Census of the United States General Note(s): The heading for "constitutional relations" in the schedule for the 1870 census does not refer to men who fought in or supported the Confederacy, but to former male slaves. Hence, sailors temporarily at a  sailors’ boarding or lodging house,  if they acknowledge  any other home within the United States,  are not to be  included in the family of the lodging or boarding house.  Persons engaged in internal transportation, canal men,  expressmen, railroad men, etc., if they habitually return to  their home in the intervals of their occupation, will be  reported as of their families, and not where they may be  temporarily staying on the 1st of June. If the person being enumerated had a father or mother of foreign birth; if he or she attended school during the year; if he or she cannot read or cannot write; if he is a citizen of the United States above the age of 21, and if, being such citizen, his right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than participation in rebellion or crime, then an affirmative mark, thus, (/), will be drawn in each of the above columns opposite the name.". Please check the Privacy Policy of the site you are visiting. One hundred and fifty supervisors of census have been, or will be… http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=7163&iid=4274938_00619&fn=Daniel&ln=Dorris&st=r&ssrc=&pid=29910728. Enumerators of the 1870 census were instructed to record the names of every person in the household. The below text is excerpted on pages 13 from Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000. In this case, if we run spot checks throughout the New York City returns, we find these particular tally marks used throughout most wards. View Images in this Collection Browse through 1049047 images Citing this Collection It officially began on October 27, 1870. A  single person, living alone in a distinct part of a house,  may constitute a family; while, on the other hand, all the  inmates of a boarding house or a hotel will constitute but  a single family, though there may be among them many  husbands with wives and children. 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