In 1639, representatives from Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor met to establish a government for the growing settlements. 1685, illustrating the location of the House of (Good) Hope - Mystic Seaport and Connecticut History Online. For several years after 1635, there were no settlements by the English in the Colony, except in the towns of Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield, and a few at Saybrook. In 1637, Connecticut was engulfed in the Pequot War, which resulted in that tribe's virtual extermination. One of America's earliest and most enduring legends is the story of Thanksgiving: that Pilgrims who had migrated to the new Plymouth Colony from England sat down with the local Wampanoag Indians to celebrate the first successful harvest in 1621. Another group of English Protestants known as the “Puritans” landed near Massachusetts Bay in 1630. University of Connecticut. At this time, another group of Puritans set up a trading post at the mouth of the Connecticut. Most of the New England colonies were started for BLANK reasons. A code of laws was drawn up, beginning with penal laws, which were actually borrowed from the Bible. The Dutch concentrated their main settlement efforts on Manhattan Island and never made a serious effort to colonize Connecticut. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut. Early History. Thomas Hooker, created a settlement on the banks of the Connecticut River in June 1636. Connecticut becomes a founding member of the New England Confederation. The Connecticut Colony The settlements that developed along the Connecticut River in the 1630s were the result of a search for fertile farmland more than a search for religious freedom. A Summary of Connecticut's Early History. Connecticut Colony pla… However, the colony was not chartered and many of the competing colonies tried to absorb New Haven. Thus, by October, 1633, the future settlers of Hartford had become in a true sense an organic body, having its own definite leaders and members. The Dutch concentrated their main settlement efforts on Manhattan Island and never made a serious effort to colonize Connecticut. This, in turn, created a good relationship between the two. John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton, an English merchant, visited Massachusetts in 1637 to establish a new settlement. Yale Law School. It was an economic venture by the Virginia company. The reason for founding the colony of Connecticut was for more religious and economic freedom. Connecticut State Library. The leaders of the settlements in Connecticut designed a document known as the Fundamental Orders. “Colonial Connecticut Records 1636-1776,” 2016. “Founding Documents of Connecticut - Warwick Patent Copy by John Winthrop, Jr., 1662, with Transcript,” 2016. Security was a major concern of the four major New England colonies — Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Haven, all of whom refused to deal with independent-minded Rhode Island. The colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and Pequot Indians known as the Pequot War. What were the reasons for the Settlement of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut Colony, Rhode Island Colony, and New Hampshire Colony ? In 1635 and 1636, nearly 1,000 people moved from the Massachusetts Bay area into lands claimed by the Dutch in the Connecticut Valley. They built small forts and settlements including the town of Wethersfield in 1634 which is Connecticut's oldest permanent settlement. Interesting Connecticut Colony Facts: The Connecticut Colony was founded by Puritans and there was no tolerance for other religions. Until 1700 almost the only official action of the colonial government (General Court) in regard to town organization, was to authorize the town name, usually … The founding of the Connecticut colony began in 1636 when the Dutch established the first trading post on the Connecticut River valley in what is now the town of Hartford. Initially, New Haven was not pleased about its absorption by a larger neighbor, but they were formally merged in 1665. In 1614, Adriaen Block explored the lands along the Connecticut River. Dutch traders had already built a fort at the confluence of the Connecticut … The settlers were one of the first colonists to treat the Native Americans honestly and justly. While Connecticut was first explored by the Dutch, who founded trading posts, the first permanent settlements were made by English Puritans from Massachusetts, starting in 1633. Following the “Great Migration” population grew and demand for land pushed settlers west and south., the settlers and their offspring spread out – first to the Connecticut Coast (see Native American Life in Massachusetts After European Contact – Pequot War ) and then up the Connecticut River Valley. The first English settlers came in 1633 and settled at Windsor, and then at Wethersfield the following year. England, the English colonies, and Africa: Who founded the settlement of Providence which became part of the Rhode Island Colony? 1) Charity: King George II had his prisons filled with people who didn't deserve to be there, and he needed a place to put them, because the place was overflowing. The settlers emulated many of the practices used in Massachusetts, but placed additional limitations on the governor’s powers and instituted more liberal voting standards. In 1776 the 13 colonies declared their independence from Great Britain . Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Fraser, Bruce, and Connecticut Historical Commission. They found the Bay Colony lacking in the strict enforcement of moral standards and looked elsewhere for a new opportunity. Nearly all the colonies were founded by the English . All were located along the East Coast of North America . “John Winthrop, Jr.,” 2016. Detail from the map Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae nec non partis Virginiae tabula multis in locis emendata per Nicolaum Vissche, ca. “Transcript of the Charter of the Colony of Connecticut, 1662,” 2016. “The Avalon Project: Fundamental Orders of 1639,” 2016. A group of individuals led by Thomas Hooker left the Massachusetts Bay Colony due to dissatisfaction with harsh rules and settled in the Connecticut River Valley. Fort Saybrook was the fruit of the labors of John Winthrop Jr., son of the Massachusetts governor. The Connecticut River was the first area settled in the 1630s. The New Haven Colony Other settlements along the Sound soon fell into the New Haven orbit, including Branford, Guilford, Milford, Stamford and Southold. He did so with the permission of the Dutch who had laid claim to the lands. The original settlements were along the Connecticut River at Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield. In 1662 John Winthrop, Jr., governor of the Connecticut Colony since 1657, obtained a royal charter from King Charles II that gave the colony considerable self-government and control of New Haven Colony. Though this became Hartford, Hooker and his followers were not the first Europeans on the scene. The colonists did eventually allow themselves to be absorbed by a larger colony and wh… Massachusetts, New England Colony. Commercial success was slow to occur, but the religious aims were largely met, at least in the early years. In 1636, the English arrived when a large group of Puritans from Massachusetts led by Thomas Hooker founded the Colony of Connecticut at the city of Hartford. Plymouth Colony was settled by separatists from the Church of England who wanted to avoid religious persecution. Thomas Hooker, (born probably July 7, 1586, Markfield, Leicestershire, England—died July 7, 1647, Hartford, Connecticut [U.S.]), prominent British American colonial clergyman known as “the father of Connecticut.”Seeking independence from other Puritan sects in Massachusetts, Thomas Hooker and his followers established one of the first major colonies in Hartford, Connecticut. In 1614 a Dutchman named Adriaen Block became the first explorer of the Connecticut Valley. The Rev. Thomas Hooker, a prominent minister in Newtown (Cambridge), Massachusetts, harbored clear democratic leanings, but was not an outspoken dissident. The right of voting was, however, never confined to church-members in Connecticut colony, as it was for a time in Massachusetts and New Haven colonies. Massachusetts ruled the Connecticut River Valley until 1638. Connecticut State Library Digital Collections. Eventually merged the settlement with Plymouth to form “Massachusetts Colony” Reason for settlement: Religious persecution (Social) They drafted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, sometimes cited as the first constitution written in America. In 1639, three settlements joined to form a unified government creating a document called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, the first written constitution in America. The French, Indians and Dutch posed threats to these colonies. In that year, a small party from Plymouth also entered the Connecticut River. One of the biggest reasons for settlers making the trip to America was ... CONNECTICUT COLONY. Dutch explorer Adriaen Block sails along the Connecticut coastline and up the, The Earl of Warwick signs the “Warwick Patent,” a deed of conveyance granting, The Dutch establish a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, at the modern-day location of, William Holmes, of the Plymouth Colony, establishes a trading post where the Farmington River meets the, Captain John Oldham establishes a settlement south of the Dutch in, The Colony of Connecticut is formed when the towns of. Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled by the Puritans for religious reasons. The Connecticut Colony The move into the valley was part of a general movement out of the Massachusetts colony. In 1638, they founded a settlement at New Haven on Long Island Sound, a community intended to be both a trading post and a Bible Commonwealth. “The Indian & Colonial Research Center,” 2016. Puritanism's grip was strong in New Haven and the vote was restricted to church members, which rendered it considerably less democratic than the Connecticut colony. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. They bought the land that they settled from the natives. New Haven was settled separately, but all joined together as Connecticut in 1662. “Battlefields of the Pequot War,” 2016. The next major development in the history of the Southern Colonies was the Province of Carolina, originally chartered in 1629. The 13 colonies were a group of settlements that became the original states of the United States of America . State of Connecticut. The first permanent English settlement was established in 1653 when emigrants from the Virginia Colony, New England, and Bermuda settled on the shores of Albemarle Sound in the northeastern corner of present-day North Carolina. John Haynes is chosen as Connecticut’s first governor. The settlements that developed along the Connecticut River in the 1630s were the result of a search for fertile farmland more than a search for religious freedom. The Connecticut Colony was originally a number of separate, smaller settlements at present-day Windsor, Wethersfield, Saybrook, Hartford, and New Haven. Government Printing Office. The Connecticut Colony was settled by groups of people, but one of the main founders was Thomas Hooker who helped settle the Hartford area starting in 1636. About 100 Puritans, led by the Rev. “Digitized Reprint - The Charter of Connecticut, 1662,” 2016. What were 3 reasons … The reasons for settlement for each of the 13 colonies. Middle Passage: For which economic reason did most people first settle in the Connecticut River valley? It was founded by Roger Williams. Connecticut General Assembly, and Tercentenary Commission of the State of Connecticut. It included a 73-mile-wide swath from Rhode Island to the Atlantic Ocean. Thomas Hooker, a preacher from Massachusetts, led his congregation to the river in search of rich farmland. Georgia: Reasons for settlement The three reasons for settlement were Charity, Economics, and Defense. This document was … The Connecticut Colony and New Haven existed as separate political entities until 1662, when a charter was granted to the Connecticut Colony. A settlement was established at Hartford, followed later by villages at Wethersfield and Windsor, where a small Pilgrim community already existed. Connecticut was formed as a migration from the Massachusetts colony. Authorities complete the unification of the New Haven and Connecticut colonies. Jamestown was the first permanent settlement in North America. Connecticut State Library. The Connecticut Colony grew over the years and by the middle of the 17th century incorporated Fairfield, Farmington, Middletown, New London, Norwalk, Saybrook and Stratford. Which colonial settlement is correctly paired with the reason it was founded? “Research Guide to Colonial Witchcraft Trial Materials,” 2016. Settlement did not occur until 1633, when a small fort was erected at the site of Hartford, then called New Hope. Also What did these Colonies offer settelers ? The Carolinas. The Connecticut Colony was an early defer of England’s control and mobilized over 40,000 soldiers for the Revolutionary War. Committee on Historical Publications. Pre-Colonization and Settlement Up Through 1763, land rights in what is now southeastern Connecticut, is established by John Davenport, Theophilus Eaton, and a group of fellow Puritans, America’s Most Devastating Conflict: King Philip’s War, John Ledyard, Connecticut’s Most Famous Traveler, An Orderly & Decent Government: Searching for the Common Good, 1776-1818, A Real Connecticut Yankee’s Baseball Career Cut Short, The Importance of Being Puritan: Church and State in Colonial Connecticut, Video – When Disaster Struck: The Flood of 1936, Part I, William Edgar Simonds: A Schoolteacher Turned Civil War Hero, Over Time: Willington’s Historical Population. They came looking for freedom of religion. Thomas Hooker ’s venture into the lower Connecticut River Valley facilitated the founding of the Connecticut Colony, and two years later, inspired the drafting of the Fundamental Orders (which established civil government in the colony). The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. 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