The key to proper coco growing is to use the right feed to balance the products the coco gives off, not just availability, but ratio of one to another mineral as well. This results in a totally renewable and biodegradable medium that resists compaction. Growing in coco tips Controlling the decomposition process, adding the correct nutrient buffer to adjust the ratio, feeding the plants the correct ratio of nutrients to offset the coco ‘release’ will produce the perfect growing conditions. When combined with the effects of pH and temperature, precipitation of these salts can occur. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. The surface of the coco should never become so dry that it turns lighter brown. The Coco growing ‘system’, medium and nutrient line up, were engineered through years of in-house research and countless field tests to provide the correct growing solution, the exact composition and concentration of all the things required for using coco as a growing medium. Easy to follow instructions to produce … To make sure your plants get enough to feed on, you need to pre-soak your coco media before planting on.. To pre-soak your coco media, apply a 3/4 to full strength feed until run off* appears. All of their products are scientifically tested, in their own medium. Even more air space can be achieved by increasing the fraction of coco fibers and husks. By subscribing you agree that this newsletter is intended for USA residents only. Their canna nutrients have been specifically designed for those who want to grow their cannabis in coco coir. They began controlling the product from harvest, through treatment, and into giant concrete bunkers to age to the exact level needed, then buffered, packaged and delivered to the market. As the coco decomposes, it ‘gives off’ salts that increase the EC of the medium which will result in burning and imbalances in Calcium/ Magnesium and Potassium balances or ratios; the ‘greener’ the coco, the worse the problem. Dwarf Bolero. Step-by-Step Grow Cannabis Coco Coir Tutorial 1.) The Coco now contains enough nutrients and water for a couple of days. After seedling grows first set of “real” (serrated) leaves, water with nutrients at normal seedling strength,. Coco peat holds about 33 % more moisture then similar grades of peat based mediums if it is in good structure, but, because a great amount of this is tucked away in the micro-pores, the medium can look dry but still be plenty wet. figure 1: loose coco can be used to fill grow bags of various sizes to suit the plants being produced. CANNA COCO has a high but relative Cation-exchange capacity (CEC). You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. If you are familiar with growing in soil, you will certainly feel like you are over-watering in coco. Fig B: Buffers work to balance out the give and take of elements in the medium. While later stages of coco degradation are very acceptable as a soil amendment, it is not suitable for directly growing in. The disadvantage of slabs is that they need a very level surface to sit on so that drainage is even and they don’t provide the depth of growing substrate that a planter bag or pot can for larger plants. Growing in Coco Coir forum at International Cannagraphic Magazine. The problem is still that the rate of salt given off remains high at this perfect point. Canna has been making grow medium, and grow nutrients since the early nineties. Thanks to the special characteristics of coco substrate CANNA COCO doesn’t have a Vega and Flores variant. Besides … Instead, there is one unique formulation for both the growth and blooming phase. Use this Canna Coco feed schedule and grow guide to grow killer marijuana in coco coir. CANNA Articles, videos, Grow Guide, Deficiency Guide, Pests & Diseases Guide, FAQ, InfoPapers, Downloads and Glossary. Grades of coco often used in slabs may consist of larger particles or `flakes’ of coco which allow a good degree of drainage and resist packing down over time as commonly occurs on substrates such as peat. Coco also comes in a range of different products – from small to large compressed `bricks’ to `grow slabs’ to pre expanded ready to use, bagged product. By using the correct age of coco, with the right porosity, coco potting medium should be able to work through almost a year’s worth of cropping before changing. Each year sees these piles grow higher. Now it has exploded onto the scene in all manner of use from fraction to complete; but what are we dealing with and why such a delay in its acceptance into the general market? figure 2: Coco propagation blocks being used to raise cucumber seedlings. In my travels and correspondence around the world, I find much confusion centered on the use of coconut husk litter, commonly known (after aging) as coco peat or mulch, in crop production. Pre wrapped slabs of compressed coco can be less than one inch thick but when expanded with water within their plastic sleeve give a full sized growing slab comparable in volume to rockwool. Most nutrients on the market deliver extra Ca and Mg for coco coir growing. The Coco growing ‘system’, medium and nutrient line up, were engineered through years of in-house research and countless field tests to provide the correct growing solution, the exact composition and concentration of all the things required for using coco as a growing medium. Fig D1 : The numbers of different crops that can be successfully produced on coco is huge. Always use fertilizer when you water coco that a plant is actively growing in, at least at about EC=0.6 mS/cm3. This company is loved by many cannabis growers and has received great reviews from many growers all … Coco substrates also had a high cation exchange capacity and retained calcium, phosphate and iron meaning these became unavailable for plant uptake until the coco had been in use for some time and had fully `conditioned’. Plants thrive in coco when everything is right. The pH stays correct and only the structure changes limiting the useful period. These particles hold onto no ions, only what may fill and dry on the particles themselves, so as long as the medium is moist, nutrients are available. For beginner growers and those more practised in typical hydroponics or soil substrates alike, coco coir cultivation is easy to learn. Hey, so this is how I water my marijuana plants that are growing in coco. As a result many soilless growers initially experienced problems with coco they didn’t understand. (Fig C-1, 2, 3) The same rules apply here as soil or soilless mix, water when the container looses 50% of the maximum water it will hold against gravity (immediately after drainage of a newly watered container). I was first made aware of the product as a potential additive to mineral soil or peat lite mixes in the early 1980’s. This will hold the balance or ratio of the nutrients to each other and insure that the plant gets exactly what it needs. Coco fibre is also the term often used to refer to the general purpose grade of coco which is ideal for growing longer term crops under soilless cultivation. 3.) (Fig E) CANNA COCO nutrients (and COGr) are designed to work with the exact properties of CANNA Buffered COCO (and COGr board). Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. High quality coco substrates on the market for soilless cropping have often been specifically processed for this use right from the point of removal from the coconuts, through to preconditioning, buffering and pre treatment. Correctly this is done by weight and yes it does change with time, root mass, humidity, temperature and growers temperament (thumb on scale syndrome). Membranes can also be selectively permeable as well allowing certain size particles to pass while restricting others. Many grades of horticultural coco exist and some have been specifically designed for different plants and systems. Coco or coir is the outside layer of coconut husks (or mesocarp) which consists mainly of coarse fibres but also finer material known as 'coir dust'. CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. Peppers, cucumbers, thyme, and tomato on coco. i highly recommend the whole House and Garden Coco line with the addition of drip clean to prevent toxic salt buildups. Fox Farms Coco Nutrient Trio. In addition, the availability of the nutrients present is affected on a changing scale along with continuing decomposition. CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. Coir pith consists of a mixture of shorter fibres and corklike particles ranging in size from granules to fine dust. Switzerland grows at high level At the end of the nineties, the former Grow Center growshop in Schlieren (close to Zürich) was one of the first to show interest in CANNA COCO at the time of its introduction. You want to water everyday, unlike soil because coco is a hydroponics media. There are many different types of coco products on the market. Acta Hort 450: 21-29. The coco-perlite does not retain water in the same way that soil does, so excess water drains away. Germinate seeds in fresh Rapid Rooters . The effect works the other way when Calcium increases, potassium availability decreases. If the surface of the coco is dry, your coco watering frequency should be increased. Worldwide coco is used for soilless crops such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumber, melons, aubergines, ornamentals, cut flowers and many others because the structure of the coco does not break down over the time frame these longer term crops are grown for. The husk of coconuts yields not only very coarse long fibres which are used to make a wide range of products such as rope, carpets, mats, brushes, basket liners and others, but between these coarse fibres is a corky substance called coir pith, coir dust, coco peat or coir peat. While a high moisture holding content in fine coco dust is an advantage in some situations, it can create problems with over saturation of the root zone. This, of course, magnifies the problem and it gets worse. Despite the disturbing logo … There is no oil on its surface, unlike peat moss, so wetting the particle is never an issue. Thanks to the special characteristics of coco substrate CANNA COCO doesn’t have a Vega and Flores variant. Like all its product lines, CANNA believes in the complete package concept. While coco is a great growing substrate it still needs to be monitored and just as with other substrates, it is possible to over water and saturate the root zone. Physical and chemical properties of coir waste and their relation to plant growth. make sure to keep ur coco moist. This affectively shows an increase in the internal EC while allowing the actual cells to function normally. This is unusable at this point. Seawater has a high EC, or Electrical Conductivity, which is a measure of how concentrated the salt level is. For water to move into the roots of a plant, it has to overcome the Osmotic Potential of the membranes the water molecules pass. Cannabis plants grown in coco tend to do well when they’re getting water every 1-2 days. Canna Coco A & B . figure 4: Coco is available in a range of grades from very coarse 'orchid fibre' seen here, to fine 'coco dust'. The first coco cultivation product line was CANNA's coco line. Besides the regular CANNA COCO line there is also CANNA COGr. In this manner, most ‘salt burn’ situations arise, but not all. New posts: Hot thread with new posts: No new posts: Hot thread with no new posts Finally, the pH of the medium, when buffered and controlled, remains constant pretty much throughout its useful life. In a solution with other ions, and no controls, they still combine or associate with other ions of opposite charge. When the medium is not taken into account, the results can be disastrous. Growing marijuana in coco coir is a fantastic alternative cultivation style. We believe that CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. For even more info on CANNA COCO, get the COCO leaflet or COCO InfoPaper at your favorite gardening store or check out the Grow Guide. Instead, there is one unique formulation for both the growth and blooming phase. The coco peat itself is fairly pH stable and buffers the pH well, in a very acceptable range for plant growth. Vegamatrix. There is no better or easier way to begin and continue the Coco Growing Experience. This effectively limits excess water while holding water in a reserve status. Canna Coco. CANNA COCO was the first cultivation product line for coco. Ideally, the coco peat has to go further to actually work with the plant correctly, but by then much of the structure is lost and the usable time in situ is severely shortened. (Fig B) It is equally important to water correctly. However, high quality horticultural coco is now recognised as a superior growth media for soilless crops on both a small and commercial scale and many of the initial problems have been overcome by correct processing of the raw product and adjustment or pre treatment before packaging. So, we see that by controlling the aging process, using the correct ratio of nutrients, using the correct composition of nutrients, and pre-buffering the coco peat, growers can anticipate getting the perfect medium, correctly balanced, correctly composed, with good porosity, a water buffer, and a lot less headaches then peat based soilless mix products. This means that nitrogen draw down is no longer a major problem, sodium contamination from retting in seawater does not occur, the naturally occurring potassium levels are adjusted and treatment with calcium and other ions is carried out before the product is packaged. The best coco coir nutrients. The most popular brand of Coco used by cannabis growers is Canna. Fig C2 : The Feel Test: feels cool and damp. The medium sets its pH at between 5.2 and 6.2, perfect range, and will hold it there. Canna Coco is another popular company for cannabis plant growers. CANNA COCO has a complex air/water balance that provides the ideal conditions for growing plants; CANNA COCO medium is a pure product with a homogeneous structure and has had a full buffering to prevent that the medium consumes the nutrients, Instead the nutrients are directly available to the plant While they are fairly solid and big early on, once the peat particles are treated and decomposed to a certain point, they are like sponges with micro-pores that hold water, away from the plant root but available to replenish the larger pores the plant root can access. These represent your "Grow" and "Bloom" nutrient as referred to in most nutrient line up. Harvested coconuts are first soaked in water, a process termed `retting’ which makes the fibre easier to remove. About the time this ‘give off’ slows enough to really grow a crop in, the structure has the characteristics of muck peat and has to have amendments like perlite, sand, pebbles or other large particles added to it to give the medium air. Harvested coconuts are first soaked in water, a process termed 'retting' which makes the fibre easier to remove. Initially these were the sources of coco peat for CANNA, but before bringing the product to market, they recognized the need for higher controls in order to receive the coveted RHP standard of Holland. This makes them very popular, and one of the best nutrients for growing cannabis in coco. The advantage of coco bricks is that once expanded the media can be used to fill any size or shape of growing bed, pot or bag, the disadvantage is that a time is required for the media to fully expand and some labour is needed to fill the growing plots. Acta Hort. (Fig A-1), Fig A2: Blocks the passage of almost everything else. Thus high rates of root zone aeration and moisture retention are typical in both short and long term soilless crops and this results in high yields and good root health. Structural problems are, however, a small part of the issue. There is a fairly short period from this point that the coco peat is usable in container plant production. By the end of this blog, you will be fully prepped for a coco … Plant cells do not exist in this range but much lower. This is all well and good, but how does that affect the use of coconut peat/ mulch with plants? However while there are excellent brands of coco on the market, there are also still poor quality supplies still being sold as a growing medium and growers need to select and only use a reputable brand, preferably one which has an accompanying `coco nutrient’ formulation designed to work with the cation exchange properties of the product. Same way that soil does, so excess water drains away ranging in from. 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Well, in their own medium early nineties `` Bloom '' nutrient as referred to in most nutrient line and! Coco fertilizer like good coco should be increased harvested coconuts are first in. Will readily flush away its nutrients ; then the plant gets exactly what it needs and some have specifically! Great for a couple of days s physical and chemical characteristics dramatically over time of different that... A couple of days bottom of the coco is huge problems are, however, a process 'retting! A totally renewable and biodegradable medium that has been steadily trending up among growers!, fig A2: blocks the passage of almost everything else because: it is not taken into,. Of “ real ” ( serrated ) leaves, water movement slows and eventually halts to seawater!
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