Merry Christmas 2020: Every year Christmas is celebrated on December 25 and the celebrations have begun with cultural traditions. Ultimately, December 25 was chosen, perhaps as early as A.D. 273. [134], In America, interest in Christmas had been revived in the 1820s by several short stories by Washington Irving which appear in his The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. [127] A prominent phrase from the tale, "Merry Christmas", was popularized following the appearance of the story. Caroling also became popular, and was originally performed by a group of dancers who sang. "[64], An Aggadic legend from tractate Avodah Zarah 8a contains contemporary observations regarding the Roman sun-cult holidays, and a theory of pre-historic origin of winter solstice festival. [44][45] In the 3rd century, the date of the nativity was the subject of great interest. The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. Hallmark Channel will air its "2020 Countdown to Christmas Preview Special," hosted by Candace Cameron Bure, on Saturday, Oct. 17. Who indeed is so unconquered as Our Lord...? [193] American Christmas songs include religious carols and hymns, as well as secular songs featuring goodwill, Santa Claus, and gift-giving. It was only later that carols began to be sung in church. An increasing number of seasonal holiday songs were commercially produced in the 20th century, including jazz and blues variations. 29 Kiahk? Christmas Day falls on December 25 and is an occasion for Christians to celebrate the birth of Jesus. Irving's stories depicted harmonious warm-hearted English Christmas festivities he experienced while staying in Aston Hall, Birmingham, England, that had largely been abandoned,[136] and he used the tract Vindication of Christmas (1652) of Old English Christmas traditions, that he had transcribed into his journal as a format for his stories. [48] It was restored as a legal holiday in 1660, but remained disreputable. [219] For 2019, the average US adult was projected to spend $920 on gifts alone. [103] Following the Parliamentarian victory over Charles I during the English Civil War, England's Puritan rulers banned Christmas in 1647. "Do They Know It's Christmas?" [213][214] In Canada, merchants begin advertising campaigns just before Halloween (October 31), and step up their marketing following Remembrance Day on November 11. We know it's never a given, especially in London, but we like to keep up to date with the forecast anyway! [175][176] Professor David Albert Jones of Oxford University writes that in the 19th century, it became popular for people to also use an angel to top the Christmas tree in order to symbolize the angels mentioned in the accounts of the Nativity of Jesus. Some carols like "Personent hodie", "Good King Wenceslas", and "The Holly and the Ivy" can be traced directly back to the Middle Ages. But, as with most of Yeltsin's pronouncements, the holiday stirs a controversy", "How the Nazis co-opted Christmas: A history of propaganda", "Somalia joins Brunei by banning Christmas celebrations 'to protect Islam, "2018 Worship and Music Planning Calendar", "What Is Church Attendance Like During Christmastime? In 1843, Charles Dickens wrote the novel A Christmas Carol, which helped revive the "spirit" of Christmas and seasonal merriment. Early Christians celebrated the life of Jesus on a date considered equivalent to 14 Nisan (Passover) on the local calendar. is a song written in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure in reaction to television reports of the 1983–1985 famine in Ethiopia. Prior to and through the early Christian centuries, winter festivals were the most popular of the year in many European pagan cultures. [188] It is common in many parts of the world for town squares and consumer shopping areas to sponsor and display decorations. Some jurisdictions of the Eastern Orthodox Church, including those of Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Jerusalem, mark feasts using the older Julian calendar. [197] The custom of sending them has become popular among a wide cross-section of people with the emergence of the modern trend towards exchanging E-cards. [130] In 1843, the first commercial Christmas card was produced by Sir Henry Cole. [211] Therefore, these Orthodox Christians mark December 25 (and thus Christmas) on the same day that is internationally considered to be December 25, and which is also the date of Christmas among Western Christians. The Hallmark Movies & Mysteries "Miracles of Christmas … 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p 148. Furthermore, Epic Games are providing the Sing Along emote to everyone for free. [223], Christmas has at times been the subject of controversy and attacks from various sources. In the 19th and 20th centuries, African American spirituals and songs about Christmas, based in their tradition of spirituals, became more widely known. A modified version of this image was published in the United States in 1850. Finally, the Christmas event from last year began on December 18th as well, making it more likely it’ll start today. Among these are Father Christmas, also known as Santa Claus (derived from the Dutch for Saint Nicholas), Père Noël, and the Weihnachtsmann; Saint Nicholas or Sinterklaas; the Christkind; Kris Kringle; Joulupukki; tomte/nisse; Babbo Natale; Saint Basil; and Ded Moroz. The Scandinavian tomte (also called nisse) is sometimes depicted as a gnome instead of Santa Claus. Christmas Day is often spent as a day to rest after festivities. [109], However, in 17th century England, some groups such as the Puritans, strongly condemned the celebration of Christmas, considering it a Catholic invention and the "trappings of popery" or the "rags of the Beast". [238], The government of the People's Republic of China officially espouses state atheism,[239] and has conducted antireligious campaigns to this end. [48] In contrast, the established Anglican Church "pressed for a more elaborate observance of feasts, penitential seasons, and saints' days. But the medieval calendar was dominated by Christmas-related holidays. The Jonas Brothers are continuing their reunion with a new Christmas song, “Like It’s Christmas,” out Friday. While the exact month and date of Jesus' birth are unknown, by the early-to-mid 4th century, the Western Christian Church had placed Christmas on December 25, a date later adopted in the East. He arose and spent eight days in fasting and in prayer. The Medieval History of the Christmas Cookie It’s the most wonderful time of the year, when cooks around the country take to their kitchens to … Christmas Day is a public holiday. This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 10:54. [citation needed], Christmas is typically a peak selling season for retailers in many nations around the world. Christmas 2019. [190] Nativity plays eventually spread throughout all of Europe, where they remain popular. [190] In France, Germany, Mexico and Spain, Nativity plays are often reenacted outdoors in the streets. [91] Around the 12th century, these traditions transferred again to the Twelve Days of Christmas (December 25 – January 5); a time that appears in the liturgical calendars as Christmastide or Twelve Holy Days.[91]. Tuesday, 1st December 2020 at 4:33 pm. They usually go on sale sometime between early October and early December and are printed in considerable quantities. [117], In Colonial America, the Pilgrims of New England shared radical Protestant disapproval of Christmas. Candles in each window are meant to demonstrate the fact that Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the ultimate light of the world. The Chronograph of 354 records that a Christmas celebration took place in Rome in 336, eight days before the calends of January. For example, the druids of Gaul regarded mistletoe growing on oak trees as sent from heaven. In 1607, King James I insisted that a play be acted on Christmas night and that the court indulge in games. [190] Each year, this grew larger and people travelled from afar to see Francis' depiction of the Nativity of Jesus that came to feature drama and music. In addition, several closely related and often interchangeable figures, known as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christkind, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore. After the Ethiopian and Eritrean insertion of a leap day in what for the Julian calendar is August (September in Gregorian), Christmas is celebrated on Tahsas 28 in order to maintain the exact interval of nine 30-day months and 5 days of the child's gestation. [57], Some scholars hold that December 25 was the date of the winter solstice in the Roman calendar. 1223. [215][216] In the United States, it has been calculated that a quarter of all personal spending takes place during the Christmas/holiday shopping season. Christmas, Christian festival celebrating the birth of Jesus. Many homes have Christmas trees and other decorations in the weeks leading to Christmas Day. Special desserts are also prepared, such as Christmas pudding, mince pies, Christmas cake, Panettone and Yule log cake. According to the calculation hypothesis, the celebration of the Quartodeciman continued in some areas and the feast became associated with Incarnation. [67], Gemara 8a.7: With regard to the dates of these festivals, the Sages taught: When Adam the first man saw that the day was progressively diminishing, as the days become shorter from the autumnul equinox until the winter solstice, he did not yet know that this is a normal phenomenon, and therefore he said: Woe is me; perhaps because I sinned the world is becoming dark around me and will ultimately return to the primordial state of chaos and disorder. [120] Christmas fell out of favor in the United States after the American Revolution, when it was considered an English custom. Therefore, the aforementioned Orthodox Christians mark December 25 (and thus Christmas) on the day that is internationally considered to be January 7. Rowell, Geoffrey, "Dickens and the Construction of Christmas". "Although this view is still very common, it has been seriously challenged" – Church of England Liturgical Commission, McGreevy, Patrick. [230][231] Such groups claim that any specific mention of the term "Christmas" or its religious aspects is being increasingly censored, avoided, or discouraged by a number of advertisers, retailers, government (prominently schools), and other public and private organizations. "This Christmas" is a song by American soul musician Donny Hathaway released in 1970 by Atco Records. It's Christmas 1603 and Will is suffering through lockdown number 15 as a plague encloaks London. [193] This time period marked the start of the present-day tradition of American and British choral groups performing Handel’s Messiah during Christmas, rather than during Easter. "[64] Moreover, Thomas J. Talley holds that the Roman Emperor Aurelian placed a festival of Sol Invictus on December 25 in order to compete with the growing rate of the Christian Church, which had already been celebrating Christmas on that date first. By the High Middle Ages, the holiday had become so prominent that chroniclers routinely noted where various magnates celebrated Christmas. George Washington attacked Hessian (German) mercenaries on the day after Christmas during the Battle of Trenton on December 26, 1776, Christmas being much more popular in Germany than in America at this time. ", "If We Can't Say 'Merry Christmas' in Canada, Multiculturalism Failed", "Santa Claus won't be coming to this town, as Chinese officials ban Christmas", There Really Is a Santa Claus: The History of St. Nicholas & Christmas Holiday Traditions, Holidays, observances, and celebrations in Algeria, Family Day/Heritage Day/Islander Day/Louis Riel Day, Public holidays in the Republic of Ireland, Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sembilan's Birthday, Anniversary of Installation of the Sultan of Terengganu, Declaration of Malacca City as Historical City, Declaration of George Town as World Heritage Site, Royal Ploughing Ceremony and Farmer's Day, Annunciation of the Virgin Mary / Annunciation of the Theotokos, Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust, Emancipation Day in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Fast in Honor of the Holy Mother of Lord Jesus, Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Nativity of Mary / Nativity of the Theotokos, Italian-American Heritage and Culture Month, Virgin Islands–Puerto Rico Friendship Day, Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple, Urus Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas&oldid=996741921, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In the Early Middle Ages, Christmas Day was overshadowed by Epiphany, which in western Christianity focused on the visit of the magi. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed. [103], In 1822, Clement Clarke Moore wrote the poem A Visit From St. Nicholas (popularly known by its first line: Twas the Night Before Christmas). This site is supported by advertising. [204][205] Among other saintly attributes, he was noted for the care of children, generosity, and the giving of gifts. countries with a strong Christian tradition, P'ent'ay (Ethiopian-Eritrean Evangelical) Churches, Christmas Day and New Year’s Day Trading (Scotland) Act 2007, Persecution of Christians in the Soviet Union, "In the U.S., Christmas Not Just for Christians", "The Glorious Feast of Nativity: 7 January? The celebratory customs associated in various countries with Christmas have a mix of pre-Christian, Christian, and secular themes and origins. 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