A well deck is one of the cardinal features expected for a ship with an amphibious assault mission, and its inclusion aboard the 076 points to it still deserving the classic “LHD” designation. 20. The unmanned nature of UCAVs and UAVs may also mitigate certain disadvantages of operating fixed wing aircraft aboard an LHD sized ship with a suboptimal flight deck. The aforementioned EMCAT and the arresting gear are the most noteworthy subsystems relevant to flight operations. The consensus surrounding the 076’s fixed wing complement settled fairly quickly onto UCAVs and UAVs, and a number of pieces subsequently written by Chinese language insiders with established track records further reinforced this idea. About China’s next-generation Type-076 Assault Carrier may be equipped with an EMALS aircraft catapult. The Chinese Navy is building assault carriers to support amphibious operations, like a possible invasion of Taiwan or landings on disputed islands in the South China Sea. Finally, a fleet of carrier-borne UCAVs and UAVs would be capable of operating from both 076s as well as future catapult aircraft carriers (003 and onwards). Pakistanis love to hate Israel, but their state has had relations with the country for decades. 20. Furthermore, credible insiders have spoken of the 076 still as an “amphibious assault ship” like 075. One of the most recent and fast-moving credible rumors to come from the online communities watching the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is a new landing helicopter dock (LHD) type vessel dubbed the 076. The 076 is described as an LHD – following on from, or perhaps complementing, the 075 class LHD – however, it is believed to be capable of conducting fixed wing flight operations via electromagnetic catapult (EMCAT) and arresting gear. Rick Joe is a longtime follower of Chinese military developments, with a focus on air and naval platforms. Will the Biden administration finally end the U.S. presence in Afghanistan? Item 31 of the document two mention the flight deck – 飞行甲板. A trove of tender documents from China State Shipbuilding Corporation’s (CSSC) 708 Research Institute has revealed plans for a Type 076 amphibious assault ship. An angle deck design was never mentioned in the documents, suggesting that the ship will have a straight deck. It will be able to carry up to 30 helicopters, as well as a number of amphibious tanks, armoured vehicles, jet boats, and hundreds of marine troops for land attacks and follow-up ground … Type 076 is an Amphibious Assault Ship include the well deck. The amphibious assault ship can also be equipped with China's HongQi-10 surface-to-air missile system and a close-in weapon system that can deliver 10,000 shots per minute, reports say. Also mentioned is a “UAV deck.”. A floodable well deck is also explicitly described, enabling the deployment of vehicles and amphibious craft from ship to land. The Type 075 helicopter dock is a new generation of amphibious assault vessel and far larger than similar ships previously constructed for the PLA Navy. With the current base of understanding, the 076 is best seen as an LHD capable of fielding a fixed wing high end strike and ISR capability enabled by an unmanned airwing, catapults, and arresting gear. Also mentioned is a “UAV deck.” LHD First or … … [+] H I SUTTON The Chinese Navy is building assault carriers to support amphibious operations, like a possible invasion of Taiwan or landings on disputed islands in the South China Sea. Finally, an LHD is designed with capacity to carry vehicles and accommodating a floodable well deck for the mission of amphibious assault – roles that carriers do not fulfill. It is unclear if the overall ship will feature an integrated propulsion system or a hybrid diesel-electric or gas-electric system. 075 The third ship reveals the true face. Therefore, the current vision of the 076 represents a markedly different way of providing an LHD with fixed wing aviation capability compared to the U.S. Navy and other Western navies that operate F-35B or Harrier jump jets. Numbers of Certain Types of Chinese and U.S. Indeed, the greatest difference between the 076 compared to the 075 LHD, or other LHDs such as the U.S. Navy’s Wasp or America classes, is that the 076 is described as providing a similar capability as the F-35B gave to U.S. Navy LHDs, but without using a vertical short take off and landing (VSTOL) aircraft. However, flying wing UCAVs by virtue of their planform and configuration may have the potential to offer better radar signature reduction compared to contemporary fifth generation fighter planforms. An amphibious assault ship is a type of amphibious warfare ship employed to land and support ground forces on enemy territory by an amphibious assault. The other type of UAV that the 076 is likely to field would be a more conventional long endurance UAV, such as a variation of the jet powered Wind/Cloud Shadow drone, which adopts a proven platform similar to that of aircraft like Global Hawk, and is thought to have a carrier compatible variant in advanced development. At this stage, it is not known whether the 076 will have an angled flight deck; however the emphasis on its primary LHD role suggests the flight deck will also have more similarities with an LHD than a true aircraft carrier. On Thursday, Sputnik reported on the leaking of documents online pointing to a … The flight deck geometry and area of an aircraft carrier are typically far greater than those of an equivalently sized LHD, and feature greater reinforcement and arrested recovery gear as well. Many of these are taken from the rare 076 class request for proposal documents found by online sleuths. A trove of tender documents from China State Shipbuilding Corporation’s (CSSC) 708 Research Institute has revealed plans for a Type 076 amphibious assault ship. Indeed, one might be forgiven for thinking that developing a VSTOL fighter is the most sensible and easiest route to provide LHD sized ships with a fixed wing capability. A total of seven documents were published, the first on May 19 and the latest one on Jul. This 076 class LHD was first brought to the attention of the community in mid-2020, and in a rather unprecedented fashion a number of official request for proposal documents were found, and some credible insiders with established track records began to speak about the details of 076. Whispers of 076, China’s Drone Carrying Assault Carrier – The … … So having two flight decks could theoretically improve launch and recovery cycle of aircraft. In a request for proposals posted on July 19 and subsequently leaked on social media, the project is referred to only as “Project XX6,” but observers have been calling the ship the “Type 076.” Judging from some of the details included in the RFP, the Type … It also reveals its weaknesses. Photos posted on Sina Weibo showed the 40,000-ton warship - part helicopter carrier, part amphibious assault dock - being escorted by tugboats out of Shanghai’s Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard and into the open … The Americans had a catapult installed in the hangar of the Yorktown-class aircraft carriers instead. Indeed, while the Chinese aerospace industry has conducted pre-research into VSTOL, the path to develop a viable VSTOL combat aircraft would be long and costly and fraught with risk and delay. China plans to develop a new amphibious assault ship dubbed type 076 LHD July 29, 2020 GDC Naval Platforms 0 Chinese shipbuilder is planning to build a more powerful amphibious assault ship that would be able to carry more helicopters and drones and help the country’s marine corps to fight more effectively on the high seas. Seoul has hesitated to tighten restrictions thus far, even as health authorities predict the number of daily cases might top 1,000. Furthermore, credible insiders have spoken of the 076 still as an “amphibious assault ship” like 075. The class 076 amphibious assault ship is a special type of ship in China's future development. Amid COVID-19, Pakistani journalists are looking for training to help them counter misinformation and stay safe while reporting. What do we know so far about China’s next amphibious assault ship? One of the most controversial questions surrounding the 076 is whether it will be capable of operating the manned aircraft that the PLAN’s future large deck CATOBAR carriers will field, such as the future FC-31 derived carrier-borne fighter. China is about to finish the current phase of destroyer construction. But the 076 has been described as an amphibious assault ship and an LHD -- that should still be its primary mission. India’s foreign trade policy must be aligned to its self-reliance goals. Furthermore, any VSTOL capable “combat aircraft” must also be sufficiently capable and survivable in the relevant threat environment. However, there are also key differences between an LHD and a proper carrier. Royal Navy official photographer / Public domain. What we know about the 075 Landing Helicopter Dock and other expected additions to the PLAN amphibious assault fleet. As Beijing’s great rivalry with Washington turns openly hostile, and the US military seeks to reassert its traditional dominance in the Asia-Pacific region, the planned ship … Items 32 and 44 of the same document suggest the ship will have an Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) – 电磁弹射. What does the 14th five-year plan tell us about China’s? This entails the launching of men-and-machine from offshore to bring the fight to the enemy onshore and beyond. Share Article. Ships Since 2005 ..... 30 Table 2. The design evolved from aircraft carriers converted for use as helicopter carriers (and, as a result, are often mistaken for conventional fixed-wing aircraft carriers). China Shipbuilding Group is planning to build an advanced amphibious assault ship to boost the Chinese marines’ ability to hit targets on land and at sea. Provide information and air support to the landing forces.If there is a serious air threat, it must be accompanied by aircraft carriers. The Type 075 is an amphibious assault carrier of which three are under construction and the first is conducting its sea trials. The 076 might still be capable of fielding an airwing made up of a large fixed wing aerial complement, but may lack the flight deck area to operate as efficiently as a true medium aircraft carrier. Us, Write Even generously assuming the PLAN eventually pursues a fleet of 10 LHD ships similar to the Wasp or America class capable of operating a hypothetical VSTOL fighter, the total number of VSTOL fighters needed to outfit 10 such ships would number less than 200. Royal Navy official photographer / Public domain A total of seven documents were published, the first on May 19 and the latest one on Jul. Devoting time, expertise, funds and industry to the development of such a unique aircraft with such a relatively limited production run would not make sense, unless other branches in the PLA also procured this aircraft or if China designed this aircraft with export in mind. For example, a full sized aircraft carrier may be required to launch fully loaded, 30-plus ton manned combat aircraft; however, the 076’s catapults may be less powerful and only capable of launching aircraft up to 20 tons because the ship’s UCAV and UAV airwing will not exceed that weight to begin with. Credit: 星海军事/ Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. The Xi’an Incident changed the course of Chinese history. The expected relatively small size and limited geometry of the 076’s flight deck makes it unlikely the ship will routinely operate manned fixed wing aircraft, and the likely downrated catapults and arresting gear means it will be unable to launch and recover manned aircraft at their maximum loads. Numbers of Chinese and U.S. Navy Battle Force Ships, 2000-2030 ..... 32 Table 3. The presence of an angled flight deck aboard aircraft carriers is one of the more obvious examples of this. As if it was not already rather jarring to consider an LHD equipped with catapults and arresting gear – essentially making such a ship technically a “CATOBAR” carrier (Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery) – those same insiders then revealed the primary fixed wing complement of 076 would consist of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, or UCAVs for combat). Flying wing UCAVs could also offer competitive or superior range for strike missions, as well as superior time on station and endurance, compared to a medium weight fifth generation manned fighter such as F-35B. Click here to subscribe for full access. The wide array of Indian groups opposing RCEP included the Hindu nationalist organization behind the ruling party. We can confirm the new vessel will be an amphibious assault as item 41 in the second document says 两Q攻击JHSH, which means 两栖攻击舰核生化 in mandarin. The unprecedented designation threatens to generate frictions with an important U.S. partner in Southeast Asia. A UAV such as this would likely fulfill a complementary, lower end, long endurance surveillance and datalinking role for the overall task force, and be expected to operate in more permissive environments than a flying wing UCAV. But it also needs to work towards making domestic industries competitive. According to a report of South China … The new ships would be a more advanced version of the Type 075 vessels that have yet to enter service. For example, the longer endurance of unmanned aircraft may reduce the need for higher tempo flight operations and sortie rates that manned aircraft could demand, which an LHD would be incapable of executing in the first place. In other words, a UCAV with competitive and relevant combat radii, endurance, and payload could enjoy a significantly lighter weight compared to a manned fifth generation fighter, reducing the rating (and thus potentially size and power consumption) of the 076’s EM catapult and arresting gear. Larger flight deck area and “carrier” flight deck geometry enables more efficient and higher tempo fixed wing flight operations. Before long, the PLAN could have the dominant amphibious capability in the Western Pacific. The Type 075 amphibious assault ship needs to undergo more sea trials, and compared to the Yellow Sea or the East China Sea, the South China Sea has bigger waves and stronger winds, Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times on Wednesday. Another Mekong dam project threatens to cost the former royal capital its UNESCO World Heritage status. The ship is the first amphibious ship built to operate the F-35 fighter from the start. These documents revealed some interesting specifications for the warship. Aircraft carriers typically require greater top speeds than LHDs, in turn requiring more powerful prime movers. With the Nepal Communist Party cracking apart, Beijing is scrambling to preserve its interests. Furthermore, credible insiders have spoken of the 076 still as an “amphibious … Before examining the plausibility, logic, and role of the 076 and its airwing, it is first instructive to review the current body of understanding for the 076’s general characteristics. Developing a fifth generation strike fighter is within the Chinese aerospace industry’s capability; developing such an aircraft that is also VSTOL capable is something else entirely. A navalized, stealthy, flying wing UCAV is expected to provide the 076 with its primary fixed wing strike and high intensity surveillance capability, far beyond what could be provided with helicopters. It is not known how many catapults 076 will field, or what its flight deck will look like (such as whether it will include an angled flight deck), nor is it known exactly when construction of the first 076 can be expected or how many 076s will be procured. 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